Prise d’otages à In Amenas : quel impact sur l’économie algérienne ?

Au-delà des aspects sécuritaires, diplomatiques et politiques, la prise d’otage de In Amenas aura certainement d’importantes incidences sur le secteur économique. Le marché mondial des hydrocarbures, notamment le gaz, est le premier à en pâtir.

Si, pour l’instant, cette prise d’otage n’a pas encore provoqué une onde de choc sur les marchés mondiaux du gaz, l’Agence internationale de l’Energie a indiqué que cela aura sûrement un impact sur les exportations algériennes, notamment. « Cette prise d’otage plane un nuage noir sur les exportations algériennes de gaz », a indiqué cette agence. Ce constat découle du fait que le site visé représente 12 % de la production gazière et 18 % des exportations algériennes. Soit aux cours actuels des revenus annuels de 3,9 milliards de dollars, selon l’analyste Thierry Bros de la Société générale.

Autre conséquence de cette attaque : le risque de voir les sociétés étrangères quitter le pays ou, tout au moins, réduire leurs activités. “Les compagnies pétrolières internationales donnent une grande importance à la protection de leurs employés et ils ont montré une volonté de fermer leurs opérations si leur sécurité était considérée comme menacée », indiquent dans ce sens les analystes de Barclays Helima Croft et Christopher Louney. Plusieurs compagnies pétrolières occidentales – la major britannique BP, la norvégienne Statoil (toutes deux touchées par la prise d’otages) et l’espagnole Cepsa – ont commencé jeudi à évacuer des employés d’Algérie. BP a ainsi confirmé vendredi que trois vols avaient quitté l’Algérie la veille avec onze de ses employés ainsi que “plusieurs centaines” de salariés d’autres entreprises et qu’un quatrième vol était prévu vendredi.

Cette attitude est accélérée par un sentiment d’insécurité. Surtout que, au plus fort des années de terrorisme, aucun site pétrolier n’a été attaqué. Du coté des entreprises françaises, on est plutôt à la relativité. Cet attentat « n’aura aucun impact sur la présence des entreprises françaises dans le pays », affirme Laurence Parisot, présidente du Medef. Le groupe français Total a refusé tout commentaire, selon les agences de presse. Du coté algérien, la règle est au silence.

Essaïd Wakli

émigrés à l'aéroport

Diaspora/ Accès au territoire national sur présentation d’une pièce d’identité.

Le ministre des Affaires étrangères, Ramtane Lamamra, a annoncé, hier samedi, que les ressortissants algériens résidant à l’étranger et ne disposant pas encore d’un passeport biométrique pourront accéder au territoire national sur simple présentation d’un passeport d’une nationalité étrangère et de la carte nationale d’identité. C’est en marge de l’inauguration du nouveau siège d’un consulat à Créteil (France) que Ramtane […]

climatiseurs

Austérité/ Les climatiseurs énergivores surtaxés en 2017

Pour tenter de gagner un peu plus d’argent, le gouvernement compte surtaxer, dès 2017, les climatiseurs énergivores. L’annonce a été faite, samedi à Alger, par le Premier ministre, Abdelmalek Sellal, lors de l’inauguration de la Foires internationale d’Alger. Cette augmentation des taxes sera appliquée sur les climatiseurs  à forte consommation d’énergie, qu’ils soit importés ou […]

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Matériel Médical: . avec m06 petit et z15 larva TOUT EN AMONT Une mafia de 15 opérateurs dicte ses lois à l’Algérie
. Le secteur de la santé est lui aussi dominé par des cercles mafieux qui brassent des milliards de DA avec un trafic d’un tout autre genre.
Lundi, le quotidien arabophone El Khabar a fait des révélations fracassantes à ce sujet. D’après cette source, un lobby d’une quinzaine d’opérateurs détient le monopole du marché des équipements médicaux en Algérie. Ces derniers profitent des centaines de milliards de centimes dépensés par le secteur annuellement pour l’acquisition du matériel nécessaire au profit des établissements de santé publique. Le lobby, qui a pu placer ses hommes partout, au niveau central comme dans les directions des wilayas de la santé remporte la majorité des marchés publics. Une situation de monopole qui a poussé bon nombre d’autres opérateurs à mettre la clé sous le paillasson. Ainsi, dès qu’un hôpital, même situé au fin fond du pays, réfléchit à émettre un avis d’appel d’offres pour l’acquisition d’un outil ou matériel donné, ce lobby déploie ses tentacules. Il est, de facto, le mieux préparé pour obtenir le marché. Certains cadres du secteur de la santé sont complices et font passer des commandes alors que leurs structures ne peuvent même pas utiliser le matériel nouvellement acquis. C’est pour cette raison que dans plusieurs hôpitaux et polycliniques, des équipements médicaux restent sous emballages jusqu’à ce qu’ils ne soient plus utilisables. Dans d’autres cas, les opérateurs composant ce lobby soumissionnent et livrent du matériel ancien que les médecins refusent d’utiliser. C’est ainsi, qu’au moment où on utilise des «échographes» en couleur haute définition, les hôpitaux algériens achètent toujours des «échographes» en noir et blanc.
El Khabar révèle également que les documents en sa possession indiquent que dans certains cas, les offres des concurrents sont meilleures, financièrement ou sur le plan technologique et technique, mais c’est toujours celles émanant des membres de ce lobby qui sont retenues. Il est clair enfin que cette situation contribue énormément à la déliquescence que connaît le secteur de la santé en Algérie. Récemment, certains médecins ont fait savoir qu’un scanner est resté inutilisé, à l’hôpital Mustapha Bacha d’Alger, jusqu’à ce que la période de sa garantie, qui est de trois ans, soit épuisée. En somme, il n’y a pas un secteur en Algérie qui n’est pas miné par la corruption.

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